UNIX

         

UNIX



UNIX


" "
0 -
1 -
2 -
3 -
4 -
5 -
6 -
7 -



" "
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System V
4.2 BSD




.profile

UNIX





UNIX:

UNIX





Tree -







Thead -


cut BSD



Tgrep -

Paths - ,


Lc -
Ll -
Kind -
M - more

Mmm - nroff
Pall -


UNIX







Cptdir -



CPTDIR





Can - " "



CAN
Dosflp -

DOSFLP
Autobkp -
autobkp

cron

uucp

Cpiobr -
CPIOBR

Dsum -
DSUM

Log -



Stripc -
Stripf - -

Strips - Shell
Ctags -







UNIX

7.

UNIX

/


















shell (SASH)


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,

UNIX

9.







:
, , su


su









su

bin



$PATH




shell (SASH)


passwd
crypt

login




uucp

vi







UNIX



: conv



conv




dtoh

dtoo
htod
htoo

otod
otoh

ed
a.out
C shell



/ shell



Vi
shell
Escape

"One-Liners" - ,

ACCTCOM
BANNER
BASENAME
BC
CAT
CC
CD
CHMOD
CHOWN
CP

CPIO
CRON
CU
CUT
DD
DOS
DU
ECHO
ED
EXPR

FILE
FIND
FINGER
GREP
HEAD
ID
KILL
LINE
LOGIN
LOGNAME

LS
MAIL
MORE
MKDIR
NCHECK
NM
OD
PASSWD
PR
PS

PWD
RM
SH
STTY
SU
TAIL
TAR
TEE
TEST
TOUCH

TTY
UUCP
VI
WC
WHO

UNIX

UNIX.
1.
2. SHELL
3. SHELL-

4. SHELL-
5. SHELL
System V Bourne Shell